Often Occasional Teachers are called to teach a class which may not be in an area of curricular specialty. This is the section in which you will find those subject specific supports which will help you shine!

# Resources by subject

## Number Sense and Numeration Grades 4-6 Volume 3, 2006

“Multiplication” – skills and strategies, mathematical models, and learning activities.

## Patterning and Algebra Guide to Effective Instruction 4-6, 2008

This document is one of the curriculum-specific companion guides to the Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics, Kindergarten to Grade 6, published by the Ministry of Education. The curriculum companion guides are aimed at assisting teachers in helping students to achieve the curriculum expectations. Each volume focuses on the big ideas in a particular strand. In addition to providing an overview of the big ideas the Guide also includes learning activities for each grade. There are also blackline masters that accompany the activities.

Patterning and Algebra Guide to Effective Instruction 4-6, 2008

## Teaching and Learning Mathematics Expert Panel Report Grades 4-6 (2004)

The Report of the Expert Panel on Mathematics in Grades 4 to 6 in Ontario. Balanced mathematics for junior grades, learning problems, and recommended manipulatives.

Teaching and Learning Mathematics Expert Panel Report Grades 4-6, 2004

## Mathematical Processes

This ministry document provides an in-depth explanation of the seven mathematical processes students need to learn and apply in order to meet the expectations in the curriculum. Each process is elucidated with examples in the following areas: role of the student; instructional strategies; sample questions; and sample feedback. There is also an explanation on how to connect the seven processes with the provincial achievement chart.

## Leading Math Success Mathematical Literacy Grades 7-12 (2004)

This report by the Expert Panel on Student Success in Ontario emphasizes mathematical literacy for all students. The panel expresses concern that Ontario adolescents are at risk of graduating from high school without the necessary math skills to reach their full potential in the twenty-first century. The report focuses on instructional and assessment strategies that will benefit all students. It also stresses the importance of targeted support for struggling students.

Leading Math Success Mathematical Literacy Grades 7-12, 2004

## Learning Mathematics vs. Following Rules (2007)

This four page article is from the Literacy and Numeracy Secretariat’s ‘Research into Practice series.’ The main question asked in the article is, how can teachers help students acquire a deep understanding in mathematics? The author posits that we should be encouraging students at the primary level to use their own methods to solve problems rather than simply teaching algorithms. He goes on to suggest some strategies for encouraging children to find their own solutions.

## Student Interaction in the Math Classroom (2007)

This document is from the Literacy and Numeracy Secretariat’s Research into Practice series. It focuses on how teachers can “support meaningful, high-quality interaction in the math classroom.” The four page article discusses the importance of moving from computation-based math questions to questions that require higher-order thinking. It also raises the issue of the challenges that teachers face in engaging students in complex math thinking. In order to meet those challenges strategies to encourage high-quality student interaction and guidelines for whole-class math talk are outlined.

## Steps in Solving a Math Problem

This K-6 reproducible checklist allows students to show that they have followed all of the steps in solving a math problem.

## Action Plan for Problem Solving

This resource is a graphic organizer for developing a teaching action plan. The example used is how to teach problem solving in math. The different facets of the plan are: establishing goals, ensuring focus, monitoring progress, setting short and long-term goals, and deciding what resources can support the teaching plan.

## Problem Solving Strategies Posters

These eight printable posters are useful for showing students the different methods they can use to solve problems in math: use concrete materials; act it out; draw a diagram; make a list; find a pattern; guess and check; use computation; and simplify the problem.